The rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus to the entire world has created a sense of fear and uncertainty among people. It is a novel virus that was identified in December 2019. The absence of cure makes it a huge threat to the world and its healthcare teams. Even though COVID-19 has affected the entire world, it has affected the elderly and comorbid population relatively hard, making them the vulnerable population. There seems to be a difficult prognosis of COVID-19 infection among people with comorbid diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular problems, obesity, asthma, etc.
The impact on the vulnerable population could be effectively reduced by using better strategies in managing and preventing the infection. Preventive care is the best method that can be used by the elderly and patients with comorbid conditions. Managing conditions like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and obesity in a thorough manner has a pivotal role to play in curbing fatalities.
Six ways to manage comorbid conditions during COVID 19 pandemic
Managing comorbid conditions is an important task that has been important even before the pandemic. But, with the onset of the pandemic, it has become even more important for them to maintain their health and control their conditions.
Here are some of the best ways that you can use to prevent infection and manage your conditions.
1. Build-up your Immunity
The immune system defends our body from infections. A powerful immune system keeps our body free from infections. As we age our immunity tends to decline slowly, making us more prone to infections. Moreover, having comorbidities like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, etc., weakens our immune system further. Therefore, it is important to take care of one’s immune system by strengthening it.
The best way to strengthen your immunity is to lead a healthy lifestyle. Eating well-balanced foods, exercising regularly, and taking necessary supplements are crucial steps towards better immunity. One must also stay away from unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking alcohol that causes immune cell loss and reduces immunity.
2. Eat Healthy, Stay Healthy
A well-nourished body is capable of fighting off infection far better than an under-nourished one. Malnourished bodies tend to have a higher rate of infections. Eating healthy not only keeps the immune system strong but, also assists in maintaining normal blood sugar and pressure levels which is vital in the comorbid population. It also
Helps keep obesity and cardiovascular diseases in check. Intake of a balanced diet ensures that the multi-nutrient need of the body is being met. Taking probiotics can also improve immunity by increasing the good gut bacteria. A diet that includes vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc selenium, iron, and protein are proven by researchers to improve the immune system. A conscious diet plan tailored for your comorbid condition will give you maximum benefits and keep your condition in check.
3. Exercise Regularly
Regular exercise has a prime role in maintaining a healthy body. It helps boost immunity by improving blood circulation and the movement of immune cells within the body. Exercise promotes maintenance of normal sugar levels, improves heart health, reduces body weight, and prevents diseases. Exercise seems to be a difficult task to accomplish amidst this pandemic as the facilities are shut and people are confined to their homes. However, the benefits of exercise are immense in the comorbid population which is too vital to be ignored. One must put in additional efforts to stick to an exercise routine by using online platforms and other resources.
4. Get regular Medical Check-ups done
Regular check-ups with your doctor are mandatory to keep your health in good condition and your prescription up-to-date. Do not miss any appointments with your doctor as this might have severe consequences for your existing comorbid conditions.
Clinicians can provide you with the best care to depending on your specific comorbid conditions. Your doctor can inform you of the latest developments and medication related to your condition on the COVID 19 prevention. Any abnormality or new symptoms must be brought forth with your doctor to make sure you are in good health.
5. Take your medications regularly
One of the most important steps in managing comorbid diseases during this pandemic is by adhering to your regular medications. Diabetes and hypertension patients must ensure that their blood sugar and blood pressure levels are under control. Cardiovascular diseases, liver problems, kidney diseases, and obesity are also conditions in which it is essential to take your medications regularly. Take necessary supplements after consulting with your doctor to correct any vitamin deficiencies in your body. This is one of the best ways to manage diseases and preventing severe outcomes of the infection.
6. Taking Preventive Measures
The best approach by the comorbid population during this pandemic is inevitably taking precautionary measures to avoid infection. The elderly and the comorbid population can follow these simple protocols for prevention of COVID 19:
- Stay indoors and leave the house only if it is extremely necessary.
- Avoid close contact with people and keep 6 feet distance from them.
- Washing your hands thoroughly with soap for at least 20 seconds.
- Wearing face masks or other protective gears while exiting the house.
- Limit the time spent at the supermarkets.
- Opt for telemedicine if possible, to avoid hospital or clinic visits.
- Keeping a stock of your medications to curb frequent pharmacy visits.
- Clean the surfaces and disinfect them thoroughly to avoid infection.
The effect of the pandemic has indefinitely been worse on the elderly and comorbid populations. Certain methods must be employed to reduce the effect on them.
As there is no vaccine yet for this novel virus, preventing the spread of infection is the primary measure that has to be taken to avoid infections.
Managing comorbidities with exercise, a healthy diet, regular medication, and medical check-ups are the second most important things to keep the vulnerable population safe.
Taking steps to improve immunity is another step that can help them in fighting off infections easily without having severe outcomes. Preventive measures must be taken by each one of us to prevent the spread of infection by adhering to preventive measures.
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